Since the early 2000s, the Kurdish freedom movement, inspired by its imprisoned leader Abdullah Öcalan, has rejected a state-based “solution” to the social and economic injustices that pervade the Kurdish region in particular and the Middle East more generally.
Instead, it is seeking to build a new politics, rooted in what Öcalan has called “democratic confederalism” – the everyday struggle to ensure direct grassroots democracy, to build a needs-based economy that dismantles the oppressions of patriarchy and class and that resets the current exploitative relationship between human and non-human nature.
Öcalan’s vision is being given practical effect in Rojava (the area of Syria liberated by the Kurds), with considerable progress being made. In Bakur (the Kurdish region of South East Turkey), local municipalities, people’s assemblies and social movements have also declared their intention (despite the oppressions inflicted on them by the Turkish state) to build a democratic ecological society.
Struggles by the Kurdish freedom movement to overcome the exploitation of nature have taken numerous forms – from the two-decade long campaign to prevent the building of the Ilisu and other large dams as well other destructive investment projects in SE Turkey to efforts to prevent deforestation.
But the attention given to ecological justice – the third pillar of democratic confederalism – is not as well developed politically as that given to furthering gender liberation and participatory democracy, the two other pillars.
The seminar will begin with a showing 20 minutes documentary “Water’s Date of Death” (https://vimeo.com/245478162), which charts the struggle against the Ilisu Dam. Those affected speak about the heritage of the region and what the planned destruction would mean for their culture, their communities and nature. Ecological activists from Iraq, who are concerned about the dam’s downstream impacts on the fragile Iraqi marshlands, also feature.
Speakers will include:
ERCAN AYBOGA, of the Mesopotamian Ecology Movement, on “Ecology discussions and practices in the Kurdish Freedom Struggle with a focus on North Kurdistan (Bakur)”
ELIF SARICAN, Kurdistan Students Union, MSc student at LSE
ROHASH SHEXO, Kongra-Star
NICK HILDYARD, The Corner House
Professor MICHEL PIMBERT, Director, Centre for Agroecology, Water and Resilience, Coventry University, UK and member of the United Nations (Committee on World Food Security) Steering Committee of the High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition.
The event is co-sponsored by Peace in Kurdistan http://www.peaceinkurdistancampaign.com/ , Corner House http://www.thecornerhouse.org.uk/ , People’s Knowledge http://www.peoplesknowledge.org/ (Centre for Agroecology, Water and Resilience, Coventry University), Mesopotamian Ecology Movement, Kongra-Star, Kurdistan Students Union and SOAS Kurdish Society.